On October 4, 2005, the United States Senate passed the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) of 2005 by unanimous consent. The vote in the House on September 28, was 415 to 4-showing overwhelming bipartisan support. The 2005 version of VAWA focused on improving services to communities of color, rural, and immigrant populations. Violence against women and children is a health and social justice issue. We know that women of color, women with disabilities, poor and homeless women, and immigrant women are at a higher risk for being victimized. These women also have more difficulty accessing services that are culturally and linguistically competent, or that provide adequate accommodations for individuals with disabilities. VAWA of 2005 includes some new provisions for comprehensive housing needs and funding for prevention and training services that will help crisis centers, law enforcement and the criminal justice system improve their response to our communities. However, currently VAWA does not have the necessary funding appropriated to address violence against women and children, especially in communities of color.